Terracotta Army, Heritage Site First Emperor Qin Dynasty

Each statue has a different body gesture and facial expression. The terracotta armies reveal a lot about the technology, military, arts and culture reign of Emperor Qin.




IPHEDIA.com - The Terracotta Army or Terracotta Army is the largest archaeological find in mainland China, considered one greatest discoveries of the 20th century and its existence is known to the world.

The Terracotta Army, a collection of 8,099 terracotta figures of warriors and horses with life sizes located near the tomb Qin dynasty's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

Each statue has a different body gesture and facial expression. The Terracotta Army reveals a lot about technology, military, arts and culture during the reign of Emperor Qin.

The soldier figure was originally discovered in 1974 by local farmers. This terracotta was built in 210 BC-209 BC as a form of funeral art with the intention of protecting Emperor Qin after his death. In 1987, UNESCO included the building as a World Heritage Site.

Regarding the construction of this tomb has been described by the historian Sima Qian (145–90 BC) in his work notes Shiji, written a century after the completion of the construction of the tomb complex.

Work on the tomb complex began in 246 BC not long after Emperor Qin around 13 took the throne, and the project involved 700,000 workers.

The geographer Li Daoyuan, writing six centuries after the first emperor's death, noted in Shui Jing Zhu that Mount Li was a preferred location because of its advantageous geology.

The location was famous for its jade mines, - on the north side it was rich in gold, and on the south side rich in fine jade - the First Emperor chose to be buried there.

Sima Qian wrote that the First Emperor had been buried with palaces, towers, officials, valuable artifacts and objects of astonishment.

According to this account, 100 flowing rivers have been simulated using mercury, and above the ceiling is decorated with celestial bodies, while below is ground.

Several translations of this section refer to modeling or imitation. However, these words are not used in the original text, which makes no mention of the terracotta army.

Currently, the museum where the Terracotta Army is located has three main halls and one exhibition hall, each of Pit 1, Pit 2, Pit 3, and the bronze chariot exhibition hall.

Pit 1 is the largest and most impressive of all chambers (about 230 × 60 m) - about the size of an airplane hangar. There are over 6,000 terracotta figures of warriors and horses, but fewer than 2,000 are shown.

Pit 2 is the most important room (measuring about 96 × 84 meters) because it reveals the mystery related to the formation of army battle lines in the past. Most of the armies used arrows, chariots, mixed troops and cavalry.

Pit 3 the smallest room of all (measuring approximately 21 × 17 meters). Inside there are only 68 terracotta statues and all officials. This space represents a command post.

Meanwhile, the bronze chariot exhibition hall contained the largest and most complex ancient bronze artifacts. Each train has about 3,400 parts and weighs 1,234 kilograms. There are 1,720 pieces of gold and silver oranamen weighing 7 kilograms on each train.

Since the discovery Terracotta Army, more than 8,000 troops, 130 chariots and 670 horses have been found. Statues of a musician, acrobat and concubine Emperor were also found in the chamber last found, alongside several terracotta birds, waterfowl, herons and ducks.

It is believed that the Qin emperor wanted luxurious service in the eternal realm, just like when he lived on earth. (as/ip)

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