Three Oldest Hindu Kingdoms in Indonesia

One of the oldest Hindu kingdoms in Indonesia, Kutai Kingdom which is located in upper reaches Mahakam river, East Kalimantan.

IPHEDIA.com - Through traders from India, Hinduism began to be known by indigenous people in the country. Hindu teachings are getting stronger and stronger and starting to emerge Hindu kingdoms in Indonesia.

Kutai Kingdom

One of the oldest Hindu kingdoms in Indonesia, Kutai Kingdom which is located in upper reaches Mahakam river, East Kalimantan. Around location, seven slate (Yupa) were found written in Pallawa letters and in Sanskrit language dating from 400 AD (5th century).
 

Yupa inscription is oldest inscription stating that oldest Hindu kingdom was founded, Kutai Kingdom. From this inscription, information was obtained that Kutai kingdom was founded by Kudungga which was then continued by his son Aswawarman and reached peak glory during time Mulawarman, Aswawarman's son.

Tarumanegara Kingdom

Tarumanagara Kingdom is one oldest Hindu kingdoms in Indonesia after Kutai Kingdom. Tarumanagara Kingdom was a ruling kingdom in western region of Java in 4th century to 7th century AD.

During reign of Purnawarman managed to expand his territory by conquering surrounding kingdoms. In addition, Raja Purnawarman also compiled a library containing laws on kingdom, regulations on army, war tactics and Warman Dynasty genealogy. King Purnawarman is also known as a strong and wise king to his people.

Kediri Kingdom

The next oldest Hindu kingdom in Indonesia is Kediri kingdom, located on banks Brantas river, East Java. Kediri Kingdom was established in 12th century and is part Ancient Mataram Kingdom. His first king was named Shri Jayawarsa Digjaya Shastraprabu or known as bead Vishnu. 


Initially, Kediri Kingdom was ruled by King Airlangga who divided kingdom into two parts, namely Jenggala (Kahuripan) and Panjalu (Kediri) so that there were no disputes.

Based on information above, it can be concluded that Kutai Kingdom is one oldest Hindu kingdoms established in Indonesia. Meanwhile, Tarumanegara Kingdom is oldest Hindu kingdom in Java. (US)

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