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History Railways in Indonesia, Here Is First Railway Line

In 1840, Colonel JHR Carel Van der Wijck submitted a plan to build a railroad in the Dutch East Indies. At the request of King Willem I for military purposes in Semarang as well as agricultural products to the Semarang warehouse, the first train in Indonesia was built in 1867 in Semarang.




IPHEDIA.com - Trains are currently one most important means of transportation in the world, including in Indonesia. The history of railways in the country itself has a long journey. This started after van den Bosch imposed Cultivation in 1825-1830.

The idea of ​​an Indonesian railway was put forward with the aim of transporting crops from the Cultivation System. One reasons that supports the availability of trains is that the use of roads is not optimal anymore at that time.

Finally, in 1840, Colonel JHR Carel Van der Wijck submitted a plan to build a railroad in the Dutch East Indies. At the request of King Willem I for military purposes in Semarang as well as agricultural products to the Semarang warehouse, the first train in Indonesia was built in 1867 in Semarang.

Semarang - Tanggung

Route The first railway line in Indonesia by NISM, NV (Nederlands-Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij) takes the Semarang - Tanggung route, which is 26 km away with a track width of 1,435 mm. The SS - Staatsspoorwegen line width is 1,067 mm or currently in use.

Then in serving the need for the delivery of agricultural products from Indonesia, the Dutch Colonial Government since 1876 has built various rail networks, with estuaries at the ports of Tanjung Priok Jakarta and Tanjung Perak Surabaya.

At that time Semarang, although strategic, had no port for goods, so goods were sent to Batavia or Soerabaja.

The presence of trains in Indonesia begins with the first forging of the construction of a railroad in Kemijen Village, Friday, June 17, 1864, by the Governor General of the Dutch East Indies, Mr. LAJ Baron Sloet van den Beele.

The development was initiated by "Nederlands-Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij" (NIS) led by Ir. JP de Bordes from Kemijen to Tanggung Village (26 km) has a track width of 1435 mm. The road section was opened for public transportation on Saturday, August 10, 1867.

Railroad Growth

Success private sector, NIS built a railway between Samarang-Tanggung Station, which then on February 10, 1870 could connect Semarang-Surakarta (110 Km), finally encourage investor interest to build railway roads in other areas.

Due to this success, it is not surprising that the length of the railroad between 1864-1900 grew rapidly. If in 1867 it was only 25 km, in 1870 it became 110 km, in 1880 it reached 405 km, in 1890 it became 1,427 km and in 1900 it became 3,338 km.

After success in Java, the construction of railroads was also carried out in Aceh (1874), North Sumatra (1886), West Sumatra (1891), South Sumatra (1914), even in 1922 in Sulawesi a 47 km long railway was also built between Makassar. -Takalar, whose operation was carried out on July 1, 1923, the rest of Ujungpandang-Maros have not been completed.

At that time for Kalimantan, although it had not yet been built, the study 220 km Pontianak-Sambas railway line had been completed. Likewise on Bali Islands and Lombok, a study of railroad construction has also been carried out. (as/ip/eng)

Source: Indephedia.com
Group Member of Iphedia Network


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