Parthenon, Historical Temple and One of The World's Largest Cultural Monuments

Parthenon was built on the highest peak of evidence in Athens City and is dedicated to Greek goddess Athena Parthenos ("Athena the Virgin"). This temple is generally considered culmination development Doric order, simplest three Classical Greek architectural arrangements.

IPHEDIA.com - Parthenon is a Greek temple that was built for the goddess Athena, protector of Athens in the 5th century BC. Parthenon is considered a symbol of Ancient Greece and Athenian democracy, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments.

Parthenon was built on the highest peak of evidence in Athens City and is dedicated to Greek goddess Athena Parthenos ("Athena the Virgin"). This temple is generally considered culmination development Doric order, simplest three Classical Greek architectural arrangements.

Initiated by statesman Athena Pericles, Parthenon was built by architects Ictinus and Callicrates under supervision sculptor Phidias. Work began in 447 BC, and building itself was completed in 438.

In the same year a statue of Athena made of gold and ivory was made specifically. Work on exterior decoration building continued until 432 BC.

Although rectangular white marble Parthenon has been damaged for centuries, including the loss of most of its carvings, its basic structure remains intact.

Parthenon remained essentially intact until the 5th century CE, when the giant statue of Phidias was moved and temple was converted into a Christian church. In the 7th century, certain internal structural changes had also been made.

The Turks seized Acropolis in 1458, and two years later they adopted the Parthenon as a mosque, with no material changes except to build towers in southwest corner.

During bombing Acropolis in 1687 by Venice against Turkey, a building located in a temple exploded, destroying center building.

In 1801-1803, most remaining statues were removed, with permission Turks by the English nobleman Thomas Bruce, Lord Elgin, and in 1816 were taken to British Museum in London.

Other sculptures from Parthenon are now in Louvre Museum in Paris, in Copenhagen, and elsewhere, but many are still in Athens.

As a historical building, Parthenon is visited by tourists from all over the world to see temple buildings that are relic glory of Ancient Greece. (as/ip)

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