Trade Relations and Beginning Islamic Sultanate in Indonesia


IPHEDIA.com - History records that sultanate as a government by Muslim rulers was present in Indonesia around 12th century AD. Islam was brought to archipelago by traders from Gujarat, India during 11th century AD, even though Islam actually entered Indonesia in 7th century AD.

Spread Islam to establishment Islamic empire in country because at that time there was a busy and international trade shipping lane through Malacca Strait connecting Tang Dynasty in China, Srivijaya in Southeast Asia and Umayyads in West Asia since 7th century AD.

The first kingdom in Indonesia with nuances of Islam was Sultanate Samudra Pasai, on northern coast of Sumatra Island, precisely in Lhokseumawe City and North Aceh, Aceh Province. Sultanate Samudra Pasai was founded by Marah Silu with title Sultan Malik As-Saleh in 1267 AD

Chinese sources from Tang Dynasty said, towards the end of the third quarter of the 7th century AD, an Arab trader became the leader of Muslim Arab settlements on the coast of the island of Sumatra. Islam also had an influence on the political institutions that existed at the time.

This was seen in 100 H (718 AD) King Sriwijaya Jambi named Srindravarman sent a letter to the Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz from the Caliphate of the Umayyads asking to be sent a preacher who could explain Islam to him. Two years later in 720 AD, Raja Srindravarman, who was originally a Hindu, converted to Islam. Sriwijaya Jambi is also known by the name 'Sribuza Islam'.

Islam continues to strengthen into a political institution that carries Islam. For example, an Islamic sultanate called the Peureulak Sultanate was founded on 1 Muharram 225 H or 12 November 839 AD Another example is Ternate Kingdom. Islam entered kingdom in Maluku islands in 1440. The king was a Muslim named Bayanullah. (as/in)
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