History World War I (PD I)

This war involves all major world powers, which are divided into two opposing alliances, namely the Allies and the Central Powers.

IPHEDIA - World War I is a centralized global war in Europe that began on July 28, 1914 until November 11, 1918. This war is often called World War or Great War from time it occurred until start of World War II in 1939.

This war involved all the major powers world, which were divided into two opposing alliances, namely the Allies (based on Entente Three which consisted Great Britain, France, and Russia) and Central Powers (centered on Alliance Three which consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, but when Austria-Hungary carried out attack while alliance was defensive, Italy did not go to war).

Two alliances reorganized (Italy was on the Allies) and expanded when many countries took part in the war. More than 70 million military troops, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the greatest wars in history.

More than 9 million soldiers have died, mainly due to technological advancements that have increased the lethal rate of weapons without considering improvements in protection or mobility. World War I is the sixth deadliest conflict in world history, thus paving the way for various political changes such as revolutions in some of the countries involved.

Long-term causes this war include imperialist foreign policy great powers of Europe, including German Empire, Austrian-Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, British Empire, French Republic, and Italy.

June 28, 1914 assassination Duke Duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to Austrian-Hungarian throne, by a Yugoslav nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina was originator of this war. Killing led to Habsburg ultimatum against Serbia Kingdom.

A number of alliances formed during the previous decades were shaken, so that within a matter of weeks all the major powers were involved in the war; through their colonies, this conflict soon spread throughout the world.

On July 28, this conflict opened with an invasion of Serbia by Austria-Hungary, followed by a German invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg, and France; and Russian attacks on Germany. After the German march in Paris faltered, the Western Front engaged in static attrition battles with trench lines that changed the atmosphere a little until 1917.

In East, Russian army successfully defeated Ottoman Empire, but was forced to withdraw from East Prussia and Poland by German army. Other fronts were opened after Ottoman Empire participated in the 1914 war, Italy and Bulgaria in 1915, and Romania in 1916.

The Russian Empire collapsed in March 1917, and Russia withdrew fromwar after October Revolution at the end of that year. After German attacks along western front in 1918, Allies forced German troops to retreat in a series successful attacks and US forces began to enter trenches.

Germany who had problems with revolution at that time agreed to a ceasefire on 11 November 1918 which would later be known as Armistice Day. This war ended in victory on Allies.

Events on British front were as chaotic as front, because parties involved tried to mobilize their human power and economic resources to wage a total war. At end of the war, four major imperial powers - German Empire, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Ottomans - broke up.

Successor states first two empires lost a great deal territory, while last two were completely dispersed. Central Europe is divided into several small countries. League Nations was formed with hope preventing conflicts like this in future.

European nationalism which arose due to war and dissolution empire, impact German defeat and problems with Treaty Versailles is believed to be a factor in outbreak World War II. (as)
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